Glossary of End-Time Terms

Abomination of Desolation – The Antichrist will demand worship worldwide (Revelation 13). This will be the abomination that leads to great desolation. God’s judgments will bring desolation, or destruction, to all who participate in this terrible abomination (Daniel 9:27; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4). This worship system is based on the Antichrist (called the Beast) setting up an image (statue or idol) of himself in the Jerusalem temple. This image will be demonically empowered to breathe and speak (Revelation 13:14-15). The Antichrist will claim to be God when he sets up this idol in the Jerusalem temple. No one will be able to buy or sell without worshiping the Antichrist before this image (Revelation 13:16-18). All who refuse will be sought out as criminals of the state under a threat of martyrdom.

This is one of the most significant prophetic signs in the end times. John emphasized this image ten times (Revelation 13:14, 15 [3x]; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4). The abomination is mentioned or described nine times (Daniel 8:13; 9:26, 27; 11:31; 12:11; Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4; Revelation 13:12-18). The image of the Beast and the mark of the Beast will be two components of the abomination of desolation system that will mobilize and finance the Antichrist’s global worship movement (Revelation 13:1318). The image of the Beast will mobilize Antichrist’s worshipers and penalize those who resist. The mark of the Beast will provide economic support for the Antichrist’s worship movement and will penalize those who resist.

This prophecy was partially fulfilled by the Seleucid king of Syria, Antiochus IV Epiphanes (= ‘Glorious’, though behind his back he was called Epimanes = ‘Crazy’). In a reign of terror over Jerusalem for three and a half years in the second century before Christ, he ordered the Jews to abandon the laws of God, set up a Greek altar to the god Zeus in the Temple, sacrificed pigs on it and filled the priests’ rooms with prostitutes. His tyranny ended in a revolt led by the Maccabees family and he died insane.

Advent – Derived from the Latin word adventus, which means “arrival,” “coming,” or “presence.” It is used to speak of both Jesus’ first and second coming as the first and the second advent.

AntichristAnti means “against” or “in place of.” The Antichrist is a demonized man who will be against Christ and seek to be worshiped by the nations in place of Jesus. He will give leadership to the most powerful and most wicked worldwide empire in history. The Antichrist will be given authority to continue against Israel and the Church for 42 months. (Revelation 13:5).

The Gentiles, under the Antichrist’s leadership, will oppress Jerusalem for 42 months (Revelation 11:2). The two witnesses prophesy in Jerusalem for 1,260 days (Revelation 11:3). The remnant of Israel will be hidden from the Antichrist in the wilderness for 1,260 days (Revelation 12:6), also described as time, times, and half a time (Revelation 12:14). The Antichrist will be given authority to continue against the saints for time, times, and half a time, or three and a half years (Daniel 7:25). Israel’s strength will be completely shattered after three and a half years, or time, times, and half a time (Daniel 12:7). The term time refers to one year, times refers to two years, and half a time speaks of half a year. (2 Thessalonians 2:3-12; 1 John 2:18, 22; Revelation 13:1-18).

Another Beast – A name for the False Prophet in Revelation 13:11.

Apocalypse – Means “unveiling or revealing” and is translated as “revelation.” It is another name for the book of Revelation because it unveils or reveals the glory of Jesus and His end-time battle plan to drive evil off the planet.

Apostasy – A falling away, or departure from the Christian faith (Matthew 24:9-13; 2 Thessalonians 2:3; 1 Timothy 4:1-2; 2 Timothy 3:1-7; 4:3-4; 2 Peter 2:1-3). An apostate is one who has “fallen away” from the Christian faith.

Armageddon Campaign – A great military campaign that will last for the final three and a half years before Jesus returns. The conflict will end with the Battle of Jerusalem (Zechariah 12:3; 14:1-2), as the nations of the earth gather together to make war against Jesus (Revelation 16:13-16). The military staging area for this campaign will on the plain around the hill of Megiddo in the north of Israel. Armageddon is referred to by many as Harmagedon which means “the hill of Megiddo.” Megiddo is an ancient city in the valley of Jezreel, or Esdraelon.

Babylon – Babylon was the chief city of the Babylonian Empire, which was in the lower valley of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in what is modern-day Iraq. It will function as the centre of worldwide, demonic religious and economic networks (Revelation 17-18). As Jerusalem suddenly came out of the ashes and was rebuilt, so Babylon (in Iraq) will be suddenly rebuilt. Many of the specific details about Babylon’s sudden and permanent destruction in the judgments prophesied in Jeremiah 50-51 and Isaiah 13-14:21 have not yet fully happened. They were only partially fulfilled in history.

Beast – Term used 36 times to refer to the Antichrist (Revelation 13; 14:9-11; 17:3-17; 19:19-21; 20:4, 10).

Chronological Sections – The phrase we use for the five sections in the structure of the book of Revelation that describe the judgment events occurring on earth in God’s end-time plan. They include the 21 judgment events (seven seals, seven trumpets, and seven bowls) They happen on earth in chronological order during the Great Tribulation and the millennial kingdom. The five chronological sections are Revelation 6; Revelation 8-9; Revelation  11:15-19; Revelation 15-16 and Revelation 19:11-21:8).

Daniel’s 30 days – In Daniel 12:11, an angel told Daniel about a 30-day period that would extend beyond the commonly understood 1,260 days (three and a half years) in which God supernaturally provides for the remnant of Israel (Revelation  12:6, 14), the two witnesses prophesy (Revelation  11:3), and the Antichrist persecutes the saints (Revelation  13:5).

This period ends when Jesus comes in the sky at the seventh trumpet to rapture the saints (Revelation 11:17). The 1,290 days include an additional 30 days after the seventh trumpet, in which the Antichrist worship system, or the abomination of desolation, continues on earth. (2 Thessalonians 2:8; Revelation 19:20).

Daniel’s 70th week – The final 7-year period before Jesus’ second coming is referred to as Daniel’s 70th week. Daniel prophesied of 70 weeks (Daniel 9:24-27). Each week was a period of 7 days, not 7 years. Therefore, these 70 weeks of 7 years each totalled 490 years. This prophecy concerns God’s prophetic time calendar in dealing with the salvation of the nation of Israel. The 70 weeks (each week is 7 years) concern God’s plan for Israel from the days of Daniel to Jesus’ second coming. The first 69 weeks (483 years) are from 458 BC to the time of Christ’s triumphal entry into Jerusalem. The last week is a 7-year period that will not be fulfilled until Jesus’ second coming.

Dragon – Symbolic of Satan in the book of Revelation (Revelation 12:3, 4, 7, 9, 13, 16, 17; 13:2, 4; 16:13; 20:2).

Eschatology – A term that speaks of the study of the end times from a biblical perspective. The word eschatology is made up of two different Greek words: eschaton, meaning “end,” and –ology, meaning a “study of something.” The most important events predicted in the “end of the age,” the eschaton, are the Great Tribulation, Jesus’ second coming, and the millennial kingdom. More than one-fourth of the Scriptures (27%) relate to prophetic events foretold by the prophets.

False Prophet – The Antichrist’s minister of propaganda, who will work miracles (Revelation 16:13; 19:20; 20:10). He is called “another beast” in Revelation 13:11.

Great White Throne Judgment – The time, at the end of the millennial reign, when all unbelievers will be judged by God and then thrown into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:11-15).

Harlot Babylon – The worldwide, demonically inspired religious and economic system based in the rebuilt city of Babylon in Iraq (Revelation 17-18; Jeremiah 50:51). It will be established in the literal city of Babylon (50 miles south of Baghdad) that will be restored and used as one of the headquarters for the Antichrist. It will function as the centre of worldwide demonic religious and economic networks (Isaiah 13-14:21; Jer. 50-51; Revelation 17-18). As Jerusalem suddenly came out of the ashes and was rebuilt, so Babylon will be suddenly rebuilt. The judgments prophesied in Jeremiah 50-51 that suddenly destroy Babylon forever have not yet happened.

Hermeneutics – The study of the interpretation of Scripture.

Image of the Beast – A statue (image or idol) commanded by the Antichrist that will be set up in the Jerusalem temple. This image will be demonically empowered so that it will seem to think, talk, breathe, and make laws (Revelation 13:14-16). The main idol will be set up in the Jerusalem temple and will be connected to a global network of idols. The image will be a significant prophetic sign in the end times. John emphasized this image ten times (Revelation 13:14, 15 [3x]; 14:9, 11; 15:2; 16:2; 19:20; 20:4).

Jesus’ End-Time Battle Plan – The seal, trumpet, and bowl judgments described in Revelation 6-22 that will destroy all the evil governments of the earth.

Judgment Seat of Christ – The time when Jesus evaluates the life of all true believers, resulting in some receiving rewards and others suffering loss of rewards (2 Corinthians 5:10; Romans 14:10-12). This evaluation occurs immediately after the Church has been raptured at the seventh trumpet (Revelation 11:1518). It is also referred to as the Bema judgment, which comes from the Greek word bema, which means “throne.”

Lake of Fire –The final place of judgment for the Antichrist, False Prophet, Satan, demons, and all unbelievers (Revelation 20:15). Unbelievers will take part in the resurrection of condemnation (John 5:29), enduring eternal torment of body and soul.

Little Horn – A term used by Daniel to refer to the Antichrist (Daniel 7:7-8; 19, 25).

Mark of the Beast – Will most likely be a form of technology like the microchip implant (Revelation 13:16,18), which the Antichrist will require everyone to have in order to buy or sell during the last three and a half years of the Tribulation.

Marriage Supper of the Lamb – A time after the rapture, when Jesus celebrates His wedding to the redeemed as His bride (Revelation 19:7-10). Some believe that it will last the entire 1,000 years of the millennial kingdom.

Messiah – Comes from the Hebrew word Mashiach, meaning “anointed one.” It is translated as the Greek word Christos and the English word Christ. In the Old Testament, the Messiah was the coming “Anointed One,” who was to be king of Israel and lead the Jewish people to freedom from Gentile oppression.

Millennium – The Millennium is a literal 1,000 year period in which Jesus will rule the whole world from Jerusalem in righteousness and peace. The kingdom of God will be openly manifest worldwide, affecting every sphere of life (political, social, agricultural, economic, spiritual, educational, law enforcement, family, media, arts, environment, social institutions, etc).

New Jerusalem –The heavenly city where all the saints will live forever in God’s immediate presence (Hebrews 11:10, 16; 12:22-24). The New Jerusalem will descend to the earth in two stages: first, at the time of Jesus’ second coming (Revelation 21:10), and then after the millennial kingdom (Revelation 21:2).

New Heavens and Earth – Are used in the context of both the Millennium and the eternal state (Isa. 65:17-25; 66:22-24; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:1-2). The earth will continue forever (1 Chronicles 23:25; 28:8; Psalm 37:29; 78:69; 104:5; 105:10-11; 125:1-2; Isa. 60:21; Ezekiel 37:25; Joel 3:20).

Olivet Discourse – Jesus’ famous prophecy on the end times found in Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Lk. 21.

Parousia – A Greek word that means “presence or coming” of an important person. This word is used of Jesus’ second coming (Matthew 24:3, 27, 37, 39; 1 Thessalonians. 3:13; 4:15; 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:1, 8; James. 5:7-8).

Post-tribulation Rapture
The “posttribulation” rapture view is the belief that Jesus will return visibly and bodily to raise the dead and gather together living Christians at the end of a period of intense tribulation called by Jesus, “great tribulation” (Matt. 24:21). The posttribulation view is unique in that it recognizes only a single future coming of Jesus. All other rapture views, pretribulation, mid-tribulation, and pre-wrath, claim the rapture and resurrection will occur prior to the second coming of Jesus by months or years. While these views see the “rapture” as a means to take the Church to heaven to escape God’s wrath, the posttribulation view sees the rapture as the necessary mechanism for gathering together all believers, from both heaven and earth, to participate in Christ’s revelation to the world in power and glory at His coming. Therefore, in a posttribulation scenario, the rapture is an integral part of the second coming. Upon Jesus’ descent from heaven to the clouds, the angels will be dispatched by the trumpet blast and gather together Jesus’ elect to join Him in the air. The whole gathering will be revealed to the world in a blaze of glory. In Titus 2:13, Paul equated our “blessed hope” with the “glorious appearing”
of Christ. He did the same in several other passages.

Pretribulation Rapture – The unbiblical teaching that says that the rapture occurs before the Great Tribulation. This popular teaching claims that Christians will not go through the Tribulation to escape God’s wrath. It is based on a fundamentally wrong view of the Great Tribulation as a time when God’s judgments could come on the saints if they were on earth.

Rapture – The “catching away” of God’s people in the air when Jesus returns. It comes from the word in the Latin rapto, raptere (which means to be ‘snatched up’ and is used in the Latin translation of 1 Thess 4:17: ‘caught up with them to meet the Lord in the air’). The same double meaning can be found in the synonym ‘transported’.

The rapture occurs at the time of the seventh trumpet, which is the last trumpet (1 Corinthians 15:50-52; Revelation 11:15). In this glorious event, Christians who have died will be resurrected and rise from their graves to meet Jesus in the sky. Then, Christians alive on earth will ascend to meet Jesus in the sky.

Second Coming of Christ – The time when Jesus will come back physically to rule permanently on the earth. He will travel across the earth in the sky so that every eye clearly sees Him in every nation (Revelation 1:7). At this time, the bodies of believers will be instantly transformed as they meet Jesus in the air. This will happen at the seventh trumpet, the last trumpet (Isaiah 27:13; Zechariah 9:14; Matthew 24:31; 1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians. 4:16; Revelation 10:7; 11:15).

Seven Heads – From Daniel 2:41-42; 7:7; Revelation 12:3; 13:1; 17:3-6. Seven world empires throughout history that persecuted Israel. They are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, and the 10-nation confederation.

Ten Horns – Speaks of a future 10-nation confederation of 10 kings that rule simultaneously over their own nation. They come into an enthusiastic agreement or partnership together under the Antichrist’s authority (Daniel 2:41-42; 7:7, 20, 24; 11:36-45; Revelation 12:3; 13:1; 17:3, 7, 12, 16).

Tribulation/Great Tribulation – Some refer to the Tribulation as the entire seven-year period just before Jesus returns. However, Jesus specifically referred to the last three and a half years of that seven-year period as the Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:21, 29; Mark 13:24; Revelation 7:14). It is also referred to as the time of Jacob’s trouble (Jer. 30:4-7). The main focus of the Great Tribulation is the release of God’s judgments on the Antichrist. These judgments will be released through the praying Church on earth (Revelation 6-19). The saints will not come under God’s judgments but will be the ones releasing them on the Antichrist, just as Moses released God’s judgments on Pharaoh (Exodus 7-12). A secondary theme of the Great Tribulation is the Antichrist’s persecution of the saints.

Two Witnesses – Two prophets who will operate in the power of God in a very remarkable way during the Great Tribulation (Revelation 11:3-6). They will oppose the Antichrist and proclaim the message of the gospel. Their actual identities are unknown.

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